Diabetes is a very serious disease. Today, it has become a very common illness among a great number of adults (both men and women) worldwide. Diabetes is a health condition where the blood sugar levels in your body become higher than normal.
This happens because the cells become incapable of producing adequate quantities of insulin. If left untreated, diabetes can create many health problems. Because of this, it is very important to seek professional advice as soon you notice any of the typical symptoms. The very next step would probably be to identify and recognize the type of diabetes you are suffering from.
Over the years, different types of diabetes mellitus have been identified and referred to by various names. Doctors and researchers have recognized the unique characteristics, symptoms and diagnosis for all these different types of diabetes. All of the different diabetes types people tend to suffer from are mainly divided into 3 groups: type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes.
The Three Types Of Diabetes Mellitus
Type 1 Diabetes
This type of diabetes was previously known as Insulin Depending Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM), it was also known as juvenile-onset diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is one of the most common types of diabetes and it mainly occurs when the pancreas become incapable of producing this hormone. Typically, this form of diabetes is more prominent among adults; however, today a large number of youth are also becoming victim of diabetes 1 types of symptoms.
Type 1 diabetes is one of the most dreaded types of diabetes, this is because once the disease develops it then becomes a lifetime condition. Experts suggest that this type of diabetes cannot be treated simply by altering one's diet intake or making changes to overall lifestyle – but can only be controlled and monitored.
People suffering from type 1 diabetes need to take insulin externally either through injections or through a pump with a catheter inserted beneath the skin. The insulin is injected so that the organs function properly and the glucose in the body is used properly and stored.
Although the real cause of diabetes 1 types is not fully understood yet, experts suggest that it mainly occurs due to autoimmunity, a health condition in which the body becomes incapable of recognizing its own cells. In diabetes 1 types, body tends to attack the beta cells present in the pancreases and destroy the insulin producing ability. Type 1 diabetes can also be caused due to environmental and genetic factors.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is one of the other more common types of diabetes. This type of diabetes is also known as non insulin dependent mellitus diabetes or adult onset diabetes. Typically, this type of diabetes occurs when the body does not recognize the insulin that pancreas secretes. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes among the adults above 21 years old. This is a type of diabetes that starts with insulin resistance in the body and leads to the state where pancreas becomes incapable of producing sufficient quantities of insulin required by the body to maintain proper blood sugar levels.
The basic cause of this type of diabetes is mostly associated with the “usual suspects” – diet containing high sugar content and lack of exercise. Sometimes even environmental factors such as constant exposure to the POP (Persistent Organic Pollutants) can also play a role in development of type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed for people with excessive body weight or when they are in their old age. A person with a family history of this type of diabetes is more vulnerable to develop the illness at some point or another in their life. Unlike diabetes 1 types, diabetes 2 types can be treated in the early stages and helped by making substantial changes to daily diet and lifestyle habits of the patient.
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs mainly in women in their latter stages of pregnancy due to lower levels of insulin in their body. Since the placenta supports the fetus, it produces many types of hormones.
These hormones sometimes affect the mother’s ability to produce sufficient insulin for their body use. It is important to control this type of diabetes as soon as it is detected mainly to prevent the baby from getting the disease. Typically, this diabetes types disappear once the mother delivers the baby.
Irrespective of the types of diabetes you suffer from, immediate visit to the doctor and proper diet, along with regular exercise, can help you deal with the problem and even get rid of the disease altogether.